Learning refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values and attitudes, and human beings could not adapt to changes if learning process was not there.
Psychology has been interested in this phenomenon for several decades and many authors have contributed valuable knowledge about what it is learning and how learning is built.
Some people think there is only one way to learn. Surely, many, when we think about learning, we imagine someone studying or doing memory learning. However, there are different types of learning with very different characteristics from each other.
The 13 different types of learning:
Over the years, the studies of many of these researchers have allowed us to decipher how our memory works and how observation or experience influences while building knowledge and changing the way we act.
But what ways to learn exist? What kinds of learning are there? We will explain it to you below.
- Implicit learning
Implicit learning refers to a type of learning that constitutes a generally unintentional learning and where the learner is not aware of what is learned.
The result of this learning is the automatic execution of human behavior. The truth is that many of the things we learn happen without realizing, for example, talking or walking. Implicit learning was the first to exist and was key to our survival. We are always learning without realizing it.
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- Explicit learning
Explicit learning is characterized because the apprentice intends to learn and is aware of what he/she learns.
For example, this type of learning allows us to acquire information about people, places and objects. That is why this way of learning requires sustained and selective attention to the most evolved area of our brain, that is, it requires the activation of the prefrontal lobes.
- Associative learning
This is a process by which an individual learns the association between two stimuli or a stimulus and a behavior. One of the great theorists of this type of learning was Iván Pavlov, who dedicated part of his life to the study of classical conditioning, a type of associative learning.
- Non-associative learning (habituation and awareness)
Non-associative learning is a type of learning that is based on a change in our response to a stimulus that occurs continuously and repeatedly. For example. When someone lives near a disco, at first, they may be upset by the noise. At the end of time, after prolonged exposure to this stimulus, you will not notice noise pollution, as it will have become accustomed to noise.
Within non-associative learning two phenomena are found: habituation and awareness.
- Meaningful learning
This type of learning is characterized to when the individual collects the information, selects it, organizes and establishes relationships with the knowledge that he had previously. In other words, it is when a person relates the new information with what he already has.
- Cooperative learning
Cooperative learning is a type of learning that allows each student to learn but not only with their classmates.
Therefore, it is usually carried out in the classrooms of many educational centers, and student groups do not usually exceed five members. The teacher is who forms the groups and who guides them, direct the performance and distribute roles and functions.
- Collaborative learning
Collaborative learning is similar to cooperative learning. However, the former differs from the latter in the degree of freedom with which the groups are constituted and functioned. The teacher can assign assignment or project work to students. They can choose partners for assignment help Sydney.
In this type of learning, it is the teachers or educators who propose a topic or problem and the students decide how to approach it?
- Emotional learning
Emotional learning means learning to know and manage emotions more efficiently. This learning brings many benefits mentally and psychologically, as it positively influences our well-being, improves interpersonal relationships, favors personal development and empowers us.
- Observational learning
This type of learning is also known as vicarious learning by imitating the model, and it is based on a social situation in which at least part two are involved: the model (the person who is learned) and the subject who performs observation of model’s behavior, and learn it.
- Experiential learning
Experiential learning is the learning that is produced as a result of experience, as the name implies.
This is a very powerful way to learn. In fact, when we talk about learning mistakes, we are referring to the learning produced by the experience itself. Now, the experience can have different consequences for each individual, because not everyone will perceive the facts in the same way. What brings us from the simple learning experience is self-reflection.
- Learning by discovery
This learning refers to active learning, in which the person instead of learning the contents passively, discovers, relates and rearranges the concepts to adapt them to their cognitive scheme. One of the great theorists of this type of learning is Jerome Bruner.
- Memory Learning
Memory learning means learning and fixing in memory different concepts without understanding what they mean, so it does not carry out a process of significance. It is a type of learning that is carried out as a mechanical and repetitive action.
- Receptive learning
With this type of learning called receptive learning the person receives the content to be internalized.
It is a type of imposed, passive learning. In the classroom it happens when the students learn by the explanation of the teacher, the printed material or the audiovisual information. Students need to understand the content to be able to reproduce it.